Actions (in Aid of Civil Power) Regulations

Pakistan Supreme Court Condemns Indefinite Detention Without Charges

While the US enters its eleventh year of maintaining the Guantanamo Prison that Barack Obama pledged to close by the end of 2009, Pakistan now finds itself in the glare of international condemnation for its own practice of indefinite detention without charges. Just last month, Amnesty International released a report (pdf) in which they pointed out widespread torture and abuse in Pakistan’s tribal areas while prisoners are held by the military and intelligence agency without charges:

Amnesty International research shows that, rather than seeking to apply and strengthen the human rights safeguards of Pakistan’s ordinary criminal justice system in the Tribal Areas, the Pakistani authorities are applying old and new security laws that authorise prolonged, arbitrary, preventive detention by the Armed Forces, and breach international human rights law. The Actions (in Aid of Civil Power) Regulations 2011 (AACPR) in particular, along with the century-old Frontier Crimes Regulation 1901 (FCR),5 provide a framework for widespread human rights violations to occur with impunity.

Both the AACPR and FCR come into play in a case argued today in Pakistan’s Supreme Court. From Reuters, we learn that although this case addresses just 11 men (now 7 due to four deaths, more on that later), the government now admits that over 700 are being held without charges:

Pakistan is holding 700 suspected Islamist militants without charge under a law that has come under fire from human rights groups, its attorney general said on Thursday.

The admission marked the first time that the strategic U.S. ally detailed how many militants it is holding in the tribal areas of the northwest under the Actions in Aid of Civil Power Regulations law.

“There is a military operation in Waziristan. Under the law we cannot try these 700 people, nor can we release them, unless the operation is over,” Attorney General Irfan Qadir told the Supreme Court, referring to a tribal area near the Afghan border.

The Reuters report, however, seems to miss the mark on several important issues in this story. First, Reuters says the case is about “seven suspected militants held without charge since May 2010″. Both Dawn and the Express Tribune point out in their stories today that the case originated with 11 men. Here is how Dawn describes that part of the background:

The 11 prisoners in the said case went missing from the gate of Rawalpindi’s Adiyala Jail on May 29, 2010 after they had been acquitted of terrorism charges pertaining to their alleged involvement in the October 2009 attacks on the Army General Headquarters and the Inter-Services Intelligence’s (ISI) Hamza Camp in the garrison town.

Later, four of the 11 died in mysterious circumstances. The Supreme Court forced the ISI and military intelligence to produce the remaining seven men in court on February 13 — an unprecedented move. The men, all in deteriorating health, were sent to the Lady Reading Hospital in Peshawar on court orders. After five of them recovered, they were shifted to an internment centre in Parachinar.

The other point that Reuters seems to miss comes when Reuters says of the men that the “Supreme Court is calling for their release” while it appears on closer reading of the Pakistani press that the “release” is from military detention into the hands of civilian authorities who would then try the men. Here is the Express Tribune: Continue reading

Emptywheel Twitterverse
bmaz If anybody thinks Ted Wells is "independent" of Goodell+NFL, they might be an idiot. Also, great statement by Kraft:
bmaz So Goodell is just pulling more selective and arbitrary shit out of his ass then.
bmaz @billmon1 @SemiMooch Frankly, the last 1.5 to 2 years of Bush Admin was relatively clean and regular compared to first 6 years.
bmaz @billmon1 @SemiMooch Agree w/all that. Agree there were some expressed concerns in 911 aftermath. But in 2007-2008? Nope, not in the least.
bmaz Giving a second Allen charge to a jury after 15 days of deliberation is as close to per se coercion as imaginable
emptywheel Incidentally, last time govt willingly accepted a limit to EO 12333 was when activists used a deadline and short term reauth to advantage.
emptywheel If Tom Brady knew his balls were flat, did Gisele?
bmaz @SemiMooch @billmon1 Cites please. Because I was around then and call complete bullshit on that statement.
JimWhiteGNV RT @SIGARHQ: Record opium cultivation & production clearly shows we are not winning the war on drugs in Afghanistan
bmaz @joshgerstein Why are you waffling Josh??
bmaz @RachelBLevinson I was kind of joking.
bmaz @RachelBLevinson The Wolfcom PRelease was from 6 mos. ago. Not sure what current deal is. My client completely independent of any of that.
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