The Imperial Overlords Giveth, the Imperial Overlords Taketh Away

In the US yesterday, the big press outlets were reporting on a big push to give Egypt “aid” to get its economy back on track. (WaPo, NYT) Though the NYT’s URL (and original title, I think) used the word “aid,” what we’re really planning on doing is offering Egypt debt relief.

Nearly 16 months after first pledging to helpEgypt’s failing economy, the Obama administration is nearing an agreement with the country’s new government to relieve $1 billion of its debt as part of an American and international assistance package intended to bolster its transition to democracy, administration officials said.

In addition, we’re talking an IMF loan, economic liberalization of the sort that brought about the revolution in the first place, and a dog and pony show for the American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt.

The day before, on the other side of the pond, the Guardian and some other outlets reported on the loot Hosni Mubarak’s cronies stashed in England which hasn’t been frozen (and/or wasn’t before they hid it somewhere else).

Britain has allowed key members of Egypt’s toppled dictatorship to retain millions of pounds of suspected property and business assets in the UK, potentially violating a globally-agreed set of sanctions.


Three days after Mubarak’s downfall, with popular pressure to recover Egypt’s ‘stolen billions’ mounting in the street, the interim government in Cairo requested that western authorities freeze the assets of several former regime members who were suspected of embezzling public funds and hiding them in property and business interests.

William Hague, the foreign secretary, told MPs the request would be co-operated with, and government ministers promised “firm, decisive and prompt action”.

Yet although Switzerland took only half an hour to begin freezing Egyptian regime assets following Mubarak’s overthrow, the UK took 37 days to follow suit – a delay which critics say could have allowed assets to be liquidated and illicit funds to be moved offshore.

And while Switzerland has frozen almost £500m of suspect Egyptian assets, the UK has frozen less than a fifth of that and returned none of it to Egypt.

Read thew whole thing–the Guardian describes how some of Mubarak’s cronies are opening new businesses in London.

The Guardian also reminds that one of the things that facilitated all this looting was the kind of “free market liberalizations” that the US is now applauding more of in Egypt.

An aggressive free-market reform programme instituted by the Mubarak regime in the 1990s and 2000s saw previously state-owned companies and landholdings shift into the hands of private businessmen at an astonishing rate. Prominent “big sharks” within the ruling NDP party – including Mubarak’s playboy son and assumed successor Gamal – amassed huge riches.

Now, the “news” that England has been sheltering Egyptian loot is not news. I posted this 18 months ago.

The New York Times heralds that,

Swiss Locate Funds Linked to Mubarak

But what the story really reports is that the Swiss have located just “several dozen million Swiss francs,” which works out to less than $38 million of the up to $70 billion Hosni Mubarak reportedly looted from Egypt. The real headline of the story ought to be…

Former Western Allies Dragging Feet on Mubarak’s Millions

… as the important news of the story, appearing in paragraphs 11 and 12, is:

On Thursday, the United States Treasury Department advised American banks to monitor movements of funds by former senior Egyptian political figures that “could potentially represent misappropriated or diverted state assets, proceeds of bribery or other illegal payments.”

European foreign ministers are scheduled to discuss the issue at a meeting on Sunday and Monday. As of Friday, no reports had emerged that assets belonging to the Mubaraks or the five associates had been frozen in the United States or other countries in Europe.

In other words, while the Swiss have found some petty cash which might be Mubarak’s, no one in Mubarak’s former patron governments has bothered to freeze his assets (though the Treasury Department decided, a full week after Mubarak stepped down, weeks after Western intelligence services apparently listened in on urgent Mubarak family conversations about moving their loot, and almost a month since it looked like he might be forced to step down, to start monitoring funds that might be his or other former top Egyptian officials).

And the same magnitude problem exists in the Guardian piece: it talks about hundreds of millions tracked to London, a mere pittance of the tens of billions that Mubarak looted from his country.

Still, can’t anyone do the math here? Can’t anyone figure out that more loans are not sustainable, and would be entirely unnecessary if western banks had just coughed up Mubarak’s loot in the first place?

One of the funny parts of the NYT article is the reported motive the US has here, for getting Egypt stuck into another cycle of debt. You see, we’re worried about China gaining influence in Egypt.

But not enough, apparently, to do the most obvious things to help Egypt out.

10 replies
  1. Jim White says:

    Don’t worry about those problems with the US and UK being slow to react to Mubarak and his cronies stashing loot. I’m sure that if Morsi starts stealing, he will be caught immediately and the funds frozen. He’s just not one of ours, don’t you know…

  2. emptywheel says:

    @Jim White: Last week or the week before there was an article about how through its bullying of English banks, the US has “discovered” that China is using some of the same tactics to hide its Iranian money.

    So I’m sure Morsi will find a place to put his loot.

  3. greengiant says:

    From the banks point of view
    A) Once the Egyptian loot has been laundered through Egyptian corporations its not dirty money anymore.
    B) There came a point when the kickbacks went straight to the offshore accounts rather than make a pit stop in Egypt.
    C) The banks are busy stashing 120 billion from China thieves along the same well tuned routes that they have been using for years.
    D) The intelligence communities don’t care about the thefts, the intelligence communities are the thieves and the banks.

  4. P J Evans says:

    The money is in accounts belonging to the 1%; of course the banks (and the governments) aren’t going to be in any rush to freeze those accounts. The Very Important People might notice and move their accounts. /s

  5. joanneleon says:

    Maybe they can start new Egyptian businesses that buy arms from the U.S. with that money. Or rather, businesses that facilitate the purchase of arms, or something.

  6. MadDog says:

    If only Egypt had an al Qaeda presence (and oil) like Yemen:

    Saudis provide $2.2 billion in oil products to aid Yemen

    “At a donor’s conference in Riyadh the Saudi Arabian minister for external affairs announced a gift of oil and oil products to Yemen worth $2.2 billion to meet domestic demand in the country. The Saudi deputy minister said the donation was necessary to keep Yemen running. Yemen has oil and gas resources of its own but much production has beenj shut down because of the security situation…”

  7. MadDog says:

    And speaking of Mubarak’s cronies, via the AP:

    Egypt Ex-Culture Minister Charged With Corruption

    “Egyptian authorities charged ousted leader Hosni Mubarak’s longtime culture minister with corruption on Tuesday and referred him to trial, the state news agency reported.

    Justice Ministry officials also said that Mubarak, his wife and two children were being investigated for new corruption allegations pertaining to the purchase of land in the Nile Delta north of Cairo at a small fraction of its market value…


    …Mubarak’s wife, Suzanne, was briefly arrested last year on corruption charges but was let go after she paid back to the state money she was accused to stealing…”

  8. joanneleon says:

    Oh my, the Guardian pulled back the curtain for a minute there, did they? Can’t have that. We’re for Freedom and Democracy!

    That was some masterful dot connecting, Marcy, placing, side by side, the stories of the debt relief/IMF packages and Mubarak regime assets not being returned.

  9. Just A Matter of Time says:

    Guardian UK posted an update to the article that you linked:

    This article was amended on 3 September 2012. The original said the Egyptian government had just agreed a £3bn loan with the IMF. The loan has yet to be formally approved.

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