SCADA

You Were Warned: Cybersecurity Expert Edition — Now with Space Stations

Over the last handful of days breathless reports may have crossed your media streams about Stuxnet infecting the International Space Station.

The reports were conflations or misinterpretations of cybersecurity expert Eugene Kaspersky’s recent comments before the Australian Press Club in Canberra. Here’s an excerpt from his remarks, which you can enjoy in full in the video embedded above:

[26:03] “…[government] departments which are responsible for the national security for national defense, they’re scared to death. They don’t know what to do. They do understand the scenarios. They do understand it is possible to shut down power plants, power grids, space stations. They don’t know what to do. Uh, departments which are responsible for offense, they see it as an opportunity. They don’t understand that in cyberspace, everything you do is [a] boomerang. It will get back to you.

[26:39] Stuxnet, which was, I don’t know, if you believe American media, it was written, it was developed by American and Israel secret services, Stuxnet, against Iran to damage Iranian nuclear program. How many computers, how many enterprises were hit by Stuxnet in the United States, do you know? I don’t know, but many.

Last year for example, Chevron, they agreed that they were badly infected by Stuxnet. A friend of mine, work in Russian nuclear power plant, once during this Stuxnet time, sent a message that their nuclear plant network, which is disconnected from the internet, in Russia there’s all that this [cutting gestures, garbled], so the man sent the message that their internal network is badly infected with Stuxnet.

[27:50] Unfortunately these people who are responsible for offensive technologies, they recognize cyber weapons as an opportunity. And a third category of the politicians of the government, they don’t care. So there are three types of people: scared to death, opportunity, don’t care.”

He didn’t actually say the ISS was infected with Stuxnet; he only suggested it’s possible Stuxnet could infect devices on board. Malware infection has happened before when a Russian astronaut brought an infected device used on WinXP machines with her to the station.

But the Chevron example is accurate, and we’ll have to take the anecdote about a Russian nuclear power plant as fact. We don’t know how many facilities here in the U.S. or abroad have been infected and negatively impacted as only Chevron to date has openly admitted exposure. It’s not a stretch to assume Stuxnet could exist in every manner of facility using SCADA equipment combined with Windows PCs; even the air-gapped Russian nuclear plant, cut off from the internet as Kaspersky indicates, was infected.

The only thing that may have kept Stuxnet from inflicting damage upon infection is the specificity of the encrypted payload contained in the versions released in order to take out Iran’s Natanz nuclear facility. Were the payload(s) injected with modified code to adapt to their host environs, there surely would have been more obvious enterprise disruptions.

In other words, Stuxnet remains a ticking time bomb threatening energy and manufacturing production at a minimum, and other systems like those of the ISS at worst case. Continue reading

Blowback: Stuxnet and the Ongoing Risk to Manufacturing Worldwide

Dear Chevron: Thanks for letting us know you’ve been infected with Stuxnet. It’s difficult to muster sympathy for your management or shareholders, because you were warned.This guy quite clearly warned your industry, as did other firms specializing in technology security.

Every single manufacturer around the world using supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) driven equipment in their processes was warned. Businesses at particular risk are those relying on certain ubiquitous applications in a networked environment.

Perhaps you heeded the warning months ago but didn’t disclose widely that your business was working on eliminating the exposures. If your business has been hardening your systems, great. However, the public does have a right to know know if your plant located in their backyard might blow up or release toxic chemicals because your firm was exposed to cyber warfare elements our country sponsored in some fashion.

This goes for any other firms out there that are dealing with the same exposure. Perhaps you believe it’s a business intelligence risk to let your competitors know you’ve got a problem– frankly, we’re way past that. The potential risks to the public outweigh your short-term profitability, and if your plant blows up/dumps chemicals/produces unsafe or faulty products because of Stuxnet, our public problem becomes your public relations/long-term shareholder value problem anyhow.

By the way: perhaps it might be worthwhile to actively recruit American citizens who qualify for security clearance when hiring SCADA application analysts to fix your Stuxnet problems. Why compound your problem for lack of foresight with regard to national security risks? We can see you’re hiring. Ahem. Continue reading

Emptywheel Twitterverse
emptywheel Why does Chamber of Commerce get to demand pre-clearance on bill that's supposed to be critical for national security? #CISA
2mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel Really looking forward to inevitable @RalstonReports piece on how much fun Reid has had trolling McConnell's difficulties as Majority Leader
3mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel Whitehouse talking about his CISA amendments that have been cleared by Chamber of Commerce. In case there was a Q abt who's driving CISA.
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emptywheel @matthewamiller I think there is a former Speaker and a current Congresswoman who both would beg to differ. @johnson_carrie @BresPolitico
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emptywheel Dean Heller: CISA does not do enough to ensure PII stripped out before sharing.
11mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel Good thing Miss Piggy and Kermit never had any children.
15mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel @matthewamiller Or were all the guns in John Dingell's office just considered antique furniture? @johnson_carrie @BresPolitico
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emptywheel @matthewamiller So under what circumstances do members who have guns in their office get them in? @johnson_carrie @BresPolitico
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emptywheel RT @SenBobCorker: Senator Corker will hold a hearing on the State Department’s human trafficking report this Thursday at 10:00 a.m. ET.
38mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel Is it just me or does Jerry Moran say "nuclear" differently every time he says it?
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bmaz @erinscafe @dcbigjohn @OKnox Fairly dubious krewe you are assembling here.....
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emptywheel Wyden: Ask millions of Americans if this is voluntary when companies can hand over their data to the govt w/o their permission.
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August 2015
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