Who Are the Potential Targets of the OTHER Section 215 Program(s)

There are several small, but significant, discrepancies between what Dianne Feinstein and Keith Alexander said in yesterday’s Senate Appropriation Committee hearing on cyber and what others have said. As one example, last week James Clapper said this was the standard for accessing the dragnet of Americans’ call data:

The court only allows the data to be queried when there is a reasonable suspicion, based on specific facts, that the particular basis for the query is associated with a foreign terrorist organization. [my emphasis]

DiFi yesterday said this was the standard:

It can only look at that data after a showing that there is a reasonable, articulable suspicion that a specific individual is involved in terrorism, actually related to al Qaeda or Iran. [my emphasis]

These are slightly different things (and Congress has fought hard over the word “articulable” in very similar contexts to this in the past — plus, whichever word is used may trace back to Jack Goldsmith’s 2004 OLC opinion on the illegal wiretap program). It’s possible — likely even — that Clapper was just dumbing down his statement the other day. But it is a difference.

I’m particularly interested in the point I raised yesterday. DiFi, in discussing the NSA’s use of the Section 215 data, says it can only be used to find people in the US with ties to terrorists or Iran.

But when Clapper discussed all the potential targets the Intelligence Community might want to trace using Section 215 data, he mentioned a broader group.

There are no limitations on the customers who can use this library. Many and millions of innocent people doing min– millions of innocent things use this library, but there are also nefarious people who use it. Terrorists, drug cartels, human traffickers, criminals also take advantage of the same technology. So the task for us in the interest of preserving security and preserving civil liberties and privacy is to be as precise as we possibly can be when we go in that library and look for the books that we need to open up and actually read. [my emphasis]

But remember. Clapper oversees all 16 members of the intelligence community, including FBI and the National Counterterrorism Center. DiFi’s statement (and Alexander’s confirmation) applied only to NSA. Elsewhere in the hearing, Alexander said NSA only used what he called “BR” (for business records) to collect phone records. And we know that — at least as recently as 2011 — there was at least one other secret collection program using Section 215. So one of those other entities — almost certainly FBI — must run that program.

Moreover, there’s no reason to believe that Edward Snowden, who had unbelievable access to NSA’s networks and, some time ago, CIA’s records, would have access to programs that didn’t involve those agencies.

And Keith Alexander probably knows that.

Also, terrorists, certainly, and Iran, sort of, are legitimate targets for DOD (I’m actually wondering if the government has acrobatically justified going after Iranian contacts by relying on the still extant Iraq AUMF). For NSA to pursue drug cartels and criminals might present a posse comitatus problem (one that I believe was part of the problem behind the 2004 hospital confrontation).

So I’m wondering how many of the answers we’re getting are designed to minimize the scope of what we know by referring only to the NSA programs?

 

Tweet about this on Twitter0Share on Reddit0Share on Facebook0Google+1Email to someone

18 Responses to Who Are the Potential Targets of the OTHER Section 215 Program(s)

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
  • 12
  • 13
  • 14
  • 15
  • 16
  • 17
  • 18
Emptywheel Twitterverse
emptywheel RT @nickconfessore: 1st donor-sensitive ideological fracas for not Common Core or immigration--but Israel. http://t.co/7IOQAabTRy
2mreplyretweetfavorite
bmaz RT @JamesRisen: Metal detectors at baseball games are pointless security theater http://t.co/tajz7GtXGV
4mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel It's practically my birthday which will make me OLD. Can we PLEASE start one of these awesome hoops--boys and girls--games before bedtime?
4mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel RT @MichiganHist: Moore Brothers Meat Shop, Ironwood - 1901 or earlier http://t.co/NRQaC7NWmV #Ironwood http://t.co/vT8jiumrRP
8mreplyretweetfavorite
bmaz @Gaius_Publius Nope, Cats won last night; play Wisconsin late tomorrow afternoon.
9mreplyretweetfavorite
bmaz @Gaius_Publius What schedule?
12mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel @michaelwhitney She doesn't look stinky.
13mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel RT @GardnerPrint: can you get your followers to vote? Ends at midnight. Help out Beer City by voting @foundersbrewing http://t.co/EyQg1rxHdl
23mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel @LOLGOP Tho to be fair, he reupped for a second Ivy League degree after 9/11.
33mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel @LOLGOP He stopped listening to the Ivy in his brain.
35mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel @LOLGOP "I'm not a scientist, but I have benefitted from one of the best $200,000 higher educations money can buy."
36mreplyretweetfavorite
emptywheel @_muhkuh I'm betting ND takes it. Stanford has just barely been hanging in so many games this year.
38mreplyretweetfavorite
June 2013
S M T W T F S
« May   Jul »
 1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
30