After Taking Bold Stand Against Testing Kindergartners, Susan Bowles is Teacher of Year

In the political landscape that is Florida, Gainesville is a lonely, tiny blue dot in a vast sea of red. Last night, that blue dot celebrated a symbolic act that could have major repercussions in the national elections coming up next year. Kindergarten teacher Susan Bowles was named Teacher of the Year in Alachua County, adding further validation to the bold stand she took last September in refusing to administer a test she found to be flawed and an egregious waste of classroom time. In her bold act of refusing to administer the test, Bowles fully expected to lose the job she loves so much. Instead, her action prompted the state to drop the test and she has been given a high honor for her work.

Naming Bowles as Teacher of the Year takes on a special symbolism to me because it comes precisely when JEB! Bush is making his push to enter the 2016 presidential election. To JEB! fans, his educational “reforms” in Florida are one of his chief accomplishments. To those of us in the blue dot, we know that JEB!’s “reforms” had nothing to do with school performance and had everything to do with enriching the private firms run by his cronies to administer the tests. That enrichment of his cronies resulted in trickle down, but only to JEB! [And Rick Scott’s “reforms” of JEB!’s testing program were merely a function of switching out JEB!’s cronies for Scott’s, but I digress.] Adding even more to the symbolism here, Bowles teaches at Lawton Chiles Elementary.

The test to which Bowles objected was only one in a wide array of tests mandated by the test-crazed Florida Legislature. This test, the Florida Assessments for Instruction in Reading (inappropriately marketed by Scott’s cronies as FAIR), was legislated to be administered three times a year. But as the Gainesville Sun reported in September, Bowles found that changes made for this year made the test meaningless and a huge waste of time:

In past years, both tests existed in paper format for kindergartners, but this year the FAIR became a computer-based test for the state’s youngest students, which has made it necessary for teachers to administer the test one-on-one.


Some kindergartners are coming to the test without ever having touched a computer mouse before, which Bowles said causes the testing time to stretch from the prescribed 35 minutes to 50 minutes or an hour.

There is also no way to go back and correct answers on the test, she said, so a student who accidentally double-clicks to enter an answer could end up skipping multiple screens on the test, rendering their results inaccurate.

But the main issue for Bowles, and others, is the loss of instructional time after administering these tests — a total of six weeks, in fact.

Bowles initially took to Facebook to announce her decision not to administer the test. Again, from the Sun:

Bowles said she was so frustrated after trying to test two students last week that on Sunday she took to Facebook to publicly air her act of civil disobedience, in a post titled, “Why I am refusing to give the FAIR test to my kindergarteners.”

“I know I may be in breach of my contract by not administering this test,” she wrote in the post. “I cannot in good conscience submit to administering this test three times a year, losing six weeks of instruction. There is a good possibility I will be fired.”

Attention to Bowles’ move snowballed, and her actions garnered huge amounts of support from parents. A blog at the Washington Post noted the attention. The blog post reproduced what Bowles posted on Facebook about the test. Bowle’s preface to her letter to parents is especially courageous:

To the parents of the boys and girls in my class,

I wrote you a letter over the weekend to let you know that I am refusing to administer the FAIR test [Florida Assessments for Instruction in Reading] to your precious little ones. I had hoped to send you an email or letter, but it would not be professional of me or allowed by the district for a letter to go out letting you know that I am doing something that is a breach of contract and therefore against the law. I want you to know that for the 26 years I have been a classroom teacher, I have been a good employee, and have always complied with my superiors. I also want you to know that this is not in any way being done because our principal or superintendent are mandating these tests. This is a government issue. So this decision does not involve anyone I work for. It is an act of civil disobedience.

I am hoping for government change in policy regarding testing.

That last bit turned out to be prescient, as well. Bowle’s letter to parents was dated September 7, 2014. The Gainesville Sun article came out on September 9 and the blog post at the Washington Post was September 11. On September 15, Florida’s Commissioner of Education caved in to public pressure about the test and cancelled it. As the Post stated in a blog post that day:

It turns out she wasn’t fired. On Monday, Owen Roberts, the superintendent of schools in Alachua County where Bowles teaches, sent a letter to parents saying that Florida Commissioner of Education Pam Stewart has decided not to require FAIR testing for any students in grades K-2. The e-mail doesn’t directly name Bowles but does refer to “all the attention focused on this issue over the past few days.”

Congratulations to Susan Bowles for her brave act of civil disobedience and the benefit to the youngest Florida students that it produced. Congratulations also to Alachua County Public Schools for rewarding Bowles’ principled stand.

12 replies
  1. phred says:

    Thanks Jim! Nothing like a cheerful news story to lift one’s spirits and give one hope : )
    Congratulations to Bowles, her students, and the rest of the K-2 students in the state of FL.

    • Jim White says:

      I had been pretty desperate for something good. It seems all too rare these days.
      Bowles has been an inspiration and by giving her the award, the county has certainly put more attention on the topic at a crucial moment.

  2. RUKidding says:

    Good for Bowles. That test sounds utterly ridiculous. What would it prove anyway?
    There may be issues with Teachers Unions, but the testing mandated mostly by conservative governments (albeit ObamaCo’s done it’s best to be equally as test crazy as any other R govt) are mostly a waste of time and do nothing to address some of the real issues with public education in the USA.

  3. Ed Walker says:

    It’s important to note that Bowles has 26 years of service, and her pension has vested. That gives her space to take action without wrecking her life. I’m sure all the young teachers saw the problem, but how many of them could afford to risk their livelihoods over this issue?

    This is why tenure and pensions are so important to our teachers and other public servants.

    • Jim White says:

      I wouldn’t be so sure about that. Her concern over her job when she started this sounded real. And read this to see how Florida has been among the leaders as states work to undercut job security for teachers.

      • Ed Walker says:

        Jim, I don’t mean to denigrate her outstanding job devotion, or her commitment to her students, their parents and to the ideals of education. Not everyone has those gifts. I merely point out that the younger teachers saw the same thing, and despite their commitments to the same goals, might not be able to afford to take a stand if they didn’t have some financial protection. Tenure, unions and pensions are that protection. The same jackasses who imposed the test, and the crooked politicians who chose to help their cronies, are the people trying to destroy those protections.

        • Jim White says:

          And I realized not long after I put up my comment that you were talking about her life being ruined and not her job. So, yes, with a presumably safe pension, she could have lost her job without ruining her life and that many of her colleagues likely weren’t in such a position.

    • bloopie2 says:

      Good point, but one question. I assume most public servant pensions would vest rapidly – at least to the extent you have put in time/money. In other words, if I have 5 years of service in, I have five years of pension vested. Something a union would want, for sure. Is that not the case?

  4. somecallmetim says:

    Kindergarten teacher disrupting mo’ testing in the third most populous state?

    That’s ‘High Hopes” territory.

    Brava, Ms. Bowles (and, um, what Ed said)

  5. Bitter Angry Drunk says:

    Wow. That’s the happiest I’ve ever been after reading about something that happened in Florida. Thanks for this.

  6. Don Bacon says:

    Civil disobedience — Henry David Thoreau wrote the book on it, inspiring Ghandi and Martin Luther King, Jr. — and perhaps Susan Bowles. Some quotes from Civil Disobedience:
    It is not a man’s duty, as a matter of course, to devote himself to the eradication of any, even to most enormous, wrong; he may still properly have other concerns to engage him; but it is his duty, at least, to wash his hands of it, and, if he gives it no thought longer, not to give it practically his support. If I devote myself to other pursuits and contemplations, I must first see, at least, that I do not pursue them sitting upon another man’s shoulders. I must get off him first, that he may pursue his contemplations too.
    Thus the state never intentionally confronts a man’s sense, intellectual or moral, but only his body, his senses. It is not armed with superior wit or honesty, but with superior physical strength. I was not born to be forced. I will breathe after my own fashion. Let us see who is the strongest.
    However, the government does not concern me much, and I shall bestow the fewest possible thoughts on it. It is not many moments that I live under a government, even in this world. If a man is thought-free, fancy-free, imagination-free, that which is not never for a long time appearing to be to him, unwise rulers or reformers cannot fatally interrupt him.
    I came into this world, not chiefly to make this a good place to live in, but to live in it, be it good or bad. A man has not everything to do, but something; and because he cannot do everything, it is not necessary that he should be petitioning the Governor or the Legislature any more than it is theirs to petition me; and if they should not hear my petition, what should I do then?

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