CIA Bags O’ Cash Total Tens of Millions of Dollars, But Over $4.5 Billion Left Afghanistan in 2011

Today’s New York Times carries a frank exposure of blatant moves by the CIA to curry favor with Hamid Karzai and high ranking members of Afghanistan’s government through direct cash payments brazenly dropped off at Karzai’s office:

For more than a decade, wads of American dollars packed into suitcases, backpacks and, on occasion, plastic shopping bags have been dropped off every month or so at the offices of Afghanistan’s president — courtesy of the Central Intelligence Agency.

All told, tens of millions of dollars have flowed from the C.I.A. to the office of President Hamid Karzai, according to current and former advisers to the Afghan leader.

Perhaps the most disturbing aspect of these cash payments is that they seem to have been designed in large part to pay off Afghan warlords:

Moreover, there is little evidence that the payments bought the influence the C.I.A. sought. Instead, some American officials said, the cash has fueled corruption and empowered warlords, undermining Washington’s exit strategy from Afghanistan.

And it’s not just any warlords who are being funded by this cash. We learn in the article that the current corruption pay for Rashid Dostum, who committed the largest single war crime in the Afghan war, is now $80,000 per month.

And in the funding of warlords, keep in mind that they form the backbone of David Petraeus’ Afghan Death Squads Local Police under the “direction” of US special operation forces and the CIA. After particularly egregious behavior by one of these groups earlier this year, Karzai first expelled US special forces from Maidan Wardak province and then eventually backed off somewhat on that move. Today’s article suggests that Karzai is trying to play a major role in controlling these groups. Given the main topic of the article, we are left to presume that Karzai’s control is through the allocation of these CIA funds:

Now, Mr. Karzai is seeking control over the Afghan militias raised by the C.I.A. to target operatives of Al Qaeda and insurgent commanders, potentially upending a critical part of the Obama administration’s plans for fighting militants as conventional military forces pull back this year.

Although an off the books cash influence-buying program that has totaled tens of millions of dollars over the course of a decade sounds like a huge scandal, this is chump change compared to the real theft of US funds in Afghanistan. The Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction noted in the January, 2013 report (pdf) that huge sums of cash exit Afghanistan through the Kabul airport:

The U.S. government has long had serious concerns about the flow of cash out of the Kabul International Airport. According to the Congressional Research Service, some $4.5 billion was taken out of Afghanistan in 2011.

Where does all this cash come from? The largest flow of money into Afghanistan of course comes from the US and the biggest program we fund there supports Afghan security forces:

The Congress created the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund (ASFF) to provide the ANSF with equipment, supplies, services, and training, as well as facility and infrastructure repair, renovation, and construction.

Here is a figure from the SIGAR report showing how lavishly the ASFF has been filled with US funds:

ASFF appropriations

The US has been providing over $5 billion a year to fund Afghan security forces every year since 2009. Given that SIGAR has also shown that the Afghans are in charge of certifying to us the level at which their forces are staffed and that the mythical 352,000 ANSF force size is not validated, I would think that ASFF funds may be a major (but undoubtedly not the only) source for the cash that is leaving the country. Because ASFF dollars seem so particularly ripe for corrupt officials to embezzle, I saw the NATO push to extend the number of years at which ANSF force size will be supported at the 352,000 level as a blatant move to wave an additional $22 billion in US funds under the noses of these thieves.

Also note that DoD itself is at least $7 billion over budget this year (mostly due to withdrawal costs), but our commander, General Dunford, professes ignorance of this minor detail of accounting, so there are huge sums of money being handled in Afghanistan with little to no real oversight.

One last caveat should be pointed out on the relatively small size of the CIA bags o’ cash plan. As Barry Eisler would note, the CIA is notorious for admitting to problems first by broaching the subject through admitting a small transgression and then later admitting the full scale of the problem. The best example of that behavior was the disclosure in 2007 that the CIA had destroyed “two” videotapes of CIA torture sessions and then finally admitting in 2009 that the number of tapes destroyed was actually 92. We should not be surprised then, if the CIA bags o’ cash program turns out to be hundreds of millions or even billions of dollars instead of the tens of millions currently admitted.

Many years ago, Jim got a BA in Radiation Biophysics from the University of Kansas. He then got a PhD in Molecular Biology from UCLA and did postdoctoral research in yeast genetics at UC Berkeley and mouse retroviruses at Stanford. He joined biosys in Palo Alto, producing insect parasitic nematodes for pest control. In the early 1990’s, he moved to Gainesville, FL and founded a company that eventually became Entomos. He left the firm as it reorganized into Pasteuria Biosciences and chose not to found a new firm due a clash of values with venture capital investors, who generally lack all values. Upon leaving, he chose to be a stay at home dad, gentleman farmer, cook and horse wrangler. He discovered the online world through commenting at Glenn Greenwald’s blog in the Salon days and was involved in the briefly successful Chris Dodd move to block the bill to renew FISA. He then went on to blog at Firedoglake and served a brief stint as evening editor there. When the Emptywheel blog moved out of Firedoglake back to standalone status, Jim tagged along and blogged on anthrax, viruses, John Galt, Pakistan and Afghanistan. He is now a mostly lapsed blogger looking for a work-around to the depressing realization that pointing out the details of government malfeasance and elite immunity has approximately zero effect.
5 replies
  1. Brindle says:

    Wonder how often a $100 mil cash pallet is flown into in Kabul from ASFF and the same pallet flies out a week or so later?

  2. klynn says:

    Man, just one of those could do a boatload for our economy if kept here and giving to families in need.

  3. Greg Bean (@GregLBean) says:

    One of the questions that should be asked is, “What is this money being used for?”.

    The answer is not obvious.

    The model as I understand it, it that it first goes to a tax haven (yeah, no surprise), there it is laundered through a shell company, and then it is used to buy legitimate assets; infrastructure in Afghanistan, but also in the US, Canada, the UK, Australia, and most western nations.

    In short, the US is funding the purchase of the western world by the most corrupt Afghani families.

    Extend this model to the funds going to all the military dictators the US supports, add in the funds ‘earned’ by the drug barons who only exist because of the US ‘war on drugs’, and one soon sees that US policy has been so counterproductive that it has virtually destroyed the normal flow of commerce.

    Sounds bad.

    But, it can all be reversed if the tax haven activities are curtailed. Only problem is the same elite who own the world’s infrastructure also control the governments who permit the tax havens to exist.

    The problem isn’t the bags of cash, it’s what is being done with them.

    Let me provide an example.

    As a result of reading an article in the UK newspaper, The Guardian, entitled “The Looting of Kenya” http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2007/aug/31/kenya.topstories3 I became aware that at least one foreign head of state likely had significant holdings of assets in Australia, including a large property or station.

    It seemed obvious he was not unique and that many other foreigners also were in a similar position.

    On further investigation it became obvious that the mechanisms that this individual used were widely in use and that in all likelihood significant Australian holdings by dubious foreigners including oligarchs, dictators, drug lords, war lords and many others who extract wealth from the nations in which they operate, were commonplace.

    See a report by the Tax Justice Network http://www.taxjustice.net/cms/upload/pdf/Price_of_Offshore_Revisited_26072012.pdf, that outlines the global issue, and a recent article entitled, “It Takes a Cabal of Willing Governments to Maintain Global Tax Havens” http://www.commondreams.org/view/2012/12/04-0 outlining this issue as it relates to the City of London.

  4. Gary Owen says:

    What’s ultimately frustrating as someone who pays a fair amount of attention to Afghanistan is that this story was already reported in the Washington Post in 2010: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/08/26/AR2010082606776.html — so there’s that. Recycled news stories always make my head hurt.

    And while the story is interesting, and it might speak to CIA admitting to an “oops” to cover a “yeah, that’s actually a war crime,” you make a rock solid point about the billions that have washed through this country over the years. This…is peanuts…but because it’s the CIA, it gets us all (me included) all hoot and holler-y over what those wacky spooks are up to now.

    I would submit, as well, that we’d all be a whole lot less outraged by this if Karzai was a more sympathetic figure. But ultimately, the man’s paid for his condos on the Palm in Dubai a few times over without ever once having to dip into those CIA funds.

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