The Ohr 302 Exemptions

As I noted yesterday, the FD-302s of FBI’s conversations with Bruce Ohr released to Judicial Watch the other day are unremarkable. The scope of Judicial Watch’s request left out the time periods — before Ohr was handed off to another FBI Agent after the election, and after Mueller was hired — that would be the most interesting. But what we do see shows that FBI first reached out to Ohr in an effort to assess the Steele dossier production, and Ohr was able and willing to chase down answers for the FBI that go to issues of credibility. Later, Steele reached out to Ohr in a panic about what would happen as Congress scrutinized his work more closely; in what we see, those conversations were not inappropriate (which is not to say I’m sympathetic to Steele’s concerns, given how he publicized his work). Though given Ohr’s notes, they may have been later in the year; at a minimum, they show how aggressively Steele was trying to prepare a public story that ended up being quite partial.

In my opinion, the FOIA exemptions are the most interesting aspect to the 302s. We can learn a bit from the things DOJ chose (or felt obligated) to protect. Here’s a short guide to FOIA exemptions and here’s DOJ’s more thorough one.

The less interesting redactions are for the following purposes:

  • b7C/b6: Protects privacy, used here to protect everything from Steele’s name to other sources
  • b7D: Protects confidential sources (both Steele and his sub-sources would get some protection)
  • b7E: Protects law enforcement techniques, including the bureaucracy of writing up 302s

The exemption, b3, protects information protected by statute, often the National Security Act. For example, that’s one of the exemptions (along with privacy and law enforcement technique exemptions) used to protect boring bureaucratic details about the case file. But it’s interesting in one instance.

The discussions, starting on PDF 14, of how Steele was panicking about one of his sources are protected for privacy, source, and b3, statute (as well as, sometimes, law enforcement technique).

That’s interesting, because FBI is not saying this person’s identity is classified. Nor is it saying that this person is credibly at risk of being killed, which would be a b7F (which is what they’d use to protect our own recruited agents). But they are according Steele’s source some kind of statutory protection.

The exemption, b1, protects classified information. It’s a measure, in these discussions about someone who used to work as an intelligence officer for an ally and who continues to collect HUMINT, of what the DOJ or other agencies considers genuinely classified (and doesn’t always line up with the initial or FOIA review classification marks on the paragraphs). For example, a paragraph describing how Ohr first met Steele — which appears in unredacted form in Ohr’s congressional testimony as follows — is protected by both a b3 and b1 exemption, presumably to protect references to MI6.

I believe I met Chris Steele for the first time around 2007. That was an official meeting. At that time, he was still employed by the British Government. I went to London to talk with British Government officials about Russian organized crime and what they were doing to look at the threat, and the FBI office at the U.S. Embassy in London set up a meeting. That was with Chris Steele. And there were other members of different British Government agencies there. And we met and had a discussion. And afterwards, I believe the agent and I spoke with Chris Steele further over lunch.

A more interesting redaction appears on PDF 8, in a series of paragraphs where the Agent was asking Ohr whether about his personal knowledge of certain aspects of Steele’s work, such as whether he had witnessed Steele’s meetings with Jon Winer. One of those paragraphs is redacted, in part for b3 and b1 reasons, and classified Secret. Whatever that protects, it’s a reminder that Ohr and Steele had real discussions about organized crime in the past.

By far the most interesting exemptions, however, are what FBI has chosen to protect because of ongoing investigations, exemption b7A, starting with what they have not protected: these conversations, generally.

The frothy right believes that Bruce Ohr should go to prison because he shared information about suspected Russian crimes with other experts in the subject. Ohr’s role in the dossier has presumably been under scrutiny for some time as part of DOJ IG’s investigation into the basis for Carter Page’s FISA application. In addition, Christopher Steele and Glenn Simpson have both been referred to DOJ for suspected lies to Congress, the latter more credibly than the former. With one significant possible exception, there’s nothing in these 302s that has been protected for either of those reasons. Ohr’s earlier and later conversations with Steele would be more pertinent to those inquiries (and there’s reason to believe the later ones are being treated as such), but some of these 302s would clearly be too. But FBI has determined they can release these files. That’s interesting, especially, because of the history of this FOIA:

  • August 6, 2018: Initial Judicial Watch FOIA
  • September 10, 2018: JW sues
  • March 15, 2019: DOJ tells JW the files are being withheld in full
  • March 22, 2019: Conclusion of Mueller investigation
  • April 1, 2019: Status report states that FBI is evaluating impact of conclusion of that investigation on FOIA
  • May 8, 2019: DOJ still considering whether FBI can release the files
  • July 25, 2019: DOJ decides it can release the files in part

As recently as August 5, DOJ said it was “still engaged in internal discussions about the redactions necessary to release the requested records to the public.” In other words, a very recent review of these files has determined that files showing how FBI handled the mid-term discussions between Christopher Steele and Bruce Ohr may be released to the public.

The big possible exception pertains to details of the original conversation on Trump and Russia with Steele.

Steele’s initial conversation

The paragraph describing what Steele first told Ohr back on July 30, 2016 is redacted for b1, b3, and b7A reasons.

The redactions in this passage include the entirety of Steele’s explanation for the “over a barrel” comment, which is interesting because other agencies have released these details (which may name the people boasting they had kompromat on Trump). The paragraph also redacts part of the discussion of Deripaska preparing to bring details on Paul Manafort’s “theft” from him to US authorities. That may be for privacy reasons,  but — assuming the order is the same in the interview and the notes, but it seems Ohr was reading verbatim — both are redacted for ongoing investigation reasons in Ohr’s notes released in December.

If, as seems to be the case, Page was not redacted as part of an ongoing investigation in either of these suggests the early Ohr conversation is not one being scrutinized by DOJ IG on the FISA application (especially given the notes were released in December, well before the IG had come close to finishing, as has been reported).

Note, Ohr turned over notes from during and after the meeting with Steele to the Agent. Just these notes were released in December, meaning the notes he wrote after the meeting must be among the 6 pages of Ohr’s notes withheld in that December release, in part to protect an ongoing investigation (that could be consistent both with the known DOJ IG investigation into the origins of the investigation, and an investigation into those two allegations).

One other thing in that first interview pertains, per the redaction to an ongoing investigation: a discussion of a post-Ukrainian invasion meeting involving Ohr, Steele, and oligarchs (possibly, though not definitely, Russian).


The description seems to match a meeting Steele is known to have set up with Deripaska (though that meeting was in 2015).

Oleg Deripaska

The treatment of one known Deripaska reference and this reference to cultivating oligarchs as sources (earlier in 2016, Steele had been trying to get DOJ to use Deripaska as a source) is particularly interesting given that, what appear to be additional Deripaska references, are also redacted to protect an ongoing investigation.

A significant chunk of the 302 memorializing the February 6, 2017 interview protects an ongoing investigation.

There are good reasons to think this is a reference to Deripaska. Steele worked for Deripaska lawyer Paul Hauser, and Deripaska was interviewed in September 2016. Deripaska would be directly implicated in the election (two months after this interview, Deripaska was sanctioned).

This may reflect a conversation directly with Hauser though, as the Steele reference in this interview was covered in entirely in a WhatsApp chat. Given the redaction, it’s also possible that Ohr took notes, which would be among the 6 pages not turned over because of an ongoing investigation.

And while less definitive, this passage from the February 14 interview of Steele referring to which lawyers he was working for could also be the Hauser work.

Given the withholdings on Ohr’s note from the meeting, the ongoing investigation does pertain to Steele’s client.

If it is Deripaska, it would suggest that Steele was financially dependent on his Deripaska work, as the other client mentioned, Bilfinger, wasn’t paying him (which he complained about to Ohr).

[Note, this note also has what looks like a reference to “Snowden report,” which makes absolutely no sense to me, so I assume I’m misreading it.] Update: This is likely a reference to the report, from the day before, that Russia was offering Snowden to Trump.

It has long been troubling that Steele had an ongoing relationship with Deripaska during the time he worked on the dossier. It’s clear that Deripaska used Steele to misinform DOJ that he was upping the pressure on Manafort, hiding that Manafort was instead making a desperate — and somewhat successful bid — to get back on Deripaska’s payroll.

A good deal of the ongoing investigation redactions in these Ohr 302s suggest DOJ continues to be interested in all that, as well.

Alfa Bank

The other ongoing investigation redactions are far more surprising, as they suggest (though this is far less definitive than the Deripaska tie) that DOJ may continue to investigate … something pertaining to the Alfa Bank allegations.

The initial reference to Alfa Bank, from the November 22, 2016 interview and discussing his September 2016 meeting with Glenn Simpson, is not protected as part of an ongoing investigation — though what appears to be a continuation of a discussion of it is treated as classified.

But a follow-up reference to Alfa bank does seem to be redacted as part of an ongoing investigation. These two paragraphs from the December 12, 2016 interview of Ohr, at PDF 11, have just one exemption explanation, including the b7A ongoing investigation one.

It’s certainly possible that the second paragraph is unrelated, and that’s what pertains to the ongoing investigation. But treating them as the same FOIA exemptions suggests they’re related.

In the same interview, Ohr explained that when he asked Simpson if he was concerned about his personal safety, Simpson,

mentioned that someone called and asked him to find out where all of the Alfa Bank stories were coming from. Simpson did not state this was a threat from the Russians, but that was the impression made upon OHR based upon the timing of the comment and using that story as a response to OHR’s question.

This seems to suggest more than one Alfa Bank story.

Also note two things. First, when the NYT first got the story of Jared Kushner’s “back channel” meeting with Sergey Gorkov, they had it as a meeting with Alfa Bank (though they misspelled it in the same way that Steele’s dossier did). That meeting would take place four days after Simpson raised whatever crazy tip he got, on December 13.

Kushner agreed to meet with Gorkov. 1151 The one-on-one meeting took place the next day, December 13, 2016, at the Colony Capital building in Manhattan, where Kushner had previously scheduled meetings. 1152

Also, during this period, Petr Aven was trying to reach out to Trump’s people on direct orders from Putin.

In December 2016, weeks after the one-on-one meeting with Putin described in Volume I, Section IV.B.1.b, supra, Petr Aven attended what he described as a separate “all-hands” oligarch meeting between Putin and Russia’s most prominent businessmen. 1167 As in Aven’s one-on-one meeting, a main topic of discussion at the oligarch meeting in December 2016 was the prospect of forthcoming U.S. economic sanctions. 1168

After the December 2016 all-hands meeting, Aven tried to establish a connection to the Trump team. Aven instructed Richard Burt to make contact with the incoming Trump Administration

It’s highly unlikely that Simpson got wind of any of those things; we would have heard about it. I raise these other instances not because I think Simpson had them, but because it’s clear Mueller chased these Alfa leads much further than we otherwise knew, and the leads themselves still seem not to have amounted to anything (even while showing that Putin leveraged the threat of election-related sanctions on the one bank that was legally acceptable in the west at the time, Alfa, to get its oligarch to join his efforts to cultivate Trump).

These Alfa allegations all still seem to be fluff. But even so, the redactions in the second reference may suggest there’s something here of continued interest to the FBI.

Update: I’ve taken out Bill Priestap’s name, as that was incorrect reporting when this came out.

As I disclosed last July, I provided information to the FBI on issues related to the Mueller investigation, so I’m going to include disclosure statements on Mueller investigation posts from here on out. I will include the disclosure whether or not the stuff I shared with the FBI pertains to the subject of the post. 

26 replies
  1. MattyG says:

    Once again thanks for these detailed parsings of FOI releases. The Russia connection is still the most important aspect of this whole mess. No Russia, likely no Nazi in office.

  2. Savage Librarian says:

    Since you mentioned Alfa Bank, maybe it’s safe to resurrect this article I shared a while back. It is convoluted and long. But it attempts to link together disparate entities like Alfa Bank, Guilliani, Israel, Ukraine, SCL/Cambridge Analytica, Psy-Group, Kilimnik, DeVos, Trump, etc. Maybe it makes more sense now than it did before? At least, maybe some parts make more sense?

    This article also made me wonder if Kushner was trying to set up some computer in Kislyak’s office to connect with the Alfa Bank data.

    “Widely panned as Trump’s pick for “Cybersecurity Advisor” in January 2017, Giuliani has traveled the globe leveraging his title to personally profit from foreign governments. But who paid Giuliani to visit hospitals in New Hampshire and Israel this past spring?”

  3. Salt of the Earth says:

    The FBI had a vested interest in Steele remaining true to the Dossier, since they used it for several purposes. When Steele was getting a little paranoid about the leaks, etc., Ohr may have been his handler to keep in calm and to alert the FBI if his commitment to the Dossier wavered. Still wonder what Senator Warner’s role in this was, with his attempts to communicate with Steele sans paper trail.

    • Rayne says:

      Right. Sure. Every time you comment here it’s some form of conspiracy nonsense.

      Only surprised you haven’t adopted Carter Page’s whackdoodle technique, sprinkling every comment with “Dodgy Dossier!”

  4. Naomi says:

    Naomi, long time follower of Marcy’s timelines, and recent admirer of Savage Librarian’s discussions, but N is neurotic about clicking on https medium and seeing a demand to sign in… N locked her FB account in 2008 and has never tweeted. Nope, will not visit medium. Sorry that sounded like a work assignment.

  5. Savage Librarian says:

    Naomi, you don’t have to sign in to Medium. That is just a suggestion. Medium is a left center site. Some of their articles are well sourced, others not so much.

    If you want to read the article I cited, just click on or touch the link I provided. If not, don’t. Your library would be happy to help you. The staff there would love the business. You can call them or you can visit in person, or maybe even online.

  6. MissingGeorgeCarlin says:

    Off topic, but If you have 10 spare mins and want to help drive disgusting bigot Tucker Carlson off of the airwaves, please contact these folks. Fox is close to letting him go.

    I use LinkedIn to talk to CEOs directly. Some don’t get these emails but some do (I’ve received responses) and it’s way more effective than talking to “Customer Service”. Just click “Connect”, “Add a message” and cut/paste a variation of same message (ex. below)! Doesn’t take long! Please share this email w/any like-mind people. Thanks! :)

    Elite Dating CEO:
    Starkist CEO:
    Jenny Craig CEO:
    Bausch & Lomb CEO:
    Rock Auto:

    Mr. XXX – I’ve emailed my 1,158 contacts asking them to not buy your products while you advertise on Fox. Bigots like Tucker Carlson are dragging the US backwards. We need progressive voices, not bigots spewing hate. Please join us on the right side of history! Thank you.

  7. mospeck says:

    great stuff about Brit and US intel trying to deal with those always frisky Russians :)
    >cultivating oligarchs as sources
    >Steele was panicking about one of his sources
    >FBI is not saying this person’s identity is classified
    >Nor is it saying that this person is credibly at risk of being killed, which would be a b7F
    >has long been troubling that Steele had an ongoing relationship with Deripaska during the time he
    >worked on the dossier
    >Deripaska used Steele to misinform DOJ
    >Mueller chased these Alfa leads much further than we otherwise knew

    No doubt. The Russians and their clever machinations are just so damn interesting.

    For ex today in the NYT* on about the recent Russian nuclear accident:

    backstory: sievert is a unit that measures the effective dose of ionizing radiation on human tissue, and they are cumulative. For ex. one msv (.001 sv) is the max extra one is supposed to get per annum, but pilots get around 2. 2.4 msv is average background rad one gets from space per year. But if you get an acute dose of 5000 msv (5 sv) then you are right at the LD50 (lethal dose where 50% die), like Harry Daghlian and Louis Slotin. Both died in the famous “tickling the dragon’s tail” experiment back in 45. So the upshot is that 2000x background rad will kill you. Here 7 Russian scientists have died under very curious circumstances, and civil defense reports from Severodvinsk, about 25 miles away, said levels briefly jumped by 200x background and remained at 20x background for a couple hours.
    It is all so interesting.
    Is it really nuclear isotope powered propulsion?
    What if instead it’s a radiation dispersal cruise to be used for intimidation against West Europe?
    * I have a trust issue with NYT

  8. orionATL says:

    hoboy. here we go again.

    british russian intelligence expert christopher steele is being beaten about the head and shoulders once more by journalists for no good reason other than their own internal needs. Steele is not now, nor was he ever, central to knowing or understanding that russia helped trump win the 2016 election and had then, and still has, its hooks in trump today. multiple european intelligence agencies were reporting this to u.s. intelligence i believe as early as the fall of 2015. these include at least british, dutch, estonian, and german.

    Steele however happened to be a person both knowledgeable enough and concerned enough about vladimir putin’s rouge rule in russia and determination to destroy the western alliance protecting europe and n.america, that when he understood putin had put his hooks in american presidential candidate donald trump, went to our fbi to warn of his concern. finding the fbi under james comey conflicted and stalling about what to do, steele went to the american media. only mother jones listened and published, BUT i recall reading that the “with it” journalistic community in Washington had heard of steele’s dossier before the election, but they all sat on that info out of fear – just like our fbi was doing. other intelligence agencies were active behind the scenes, but limited publicly. senator mcconnell to his eternal dishonor prevented the congress from warning the nation publicly.

    so Steele went public. and so should have a monument in his honor in Washington. instead his reputation is being continually assaulted and eroded in a sacrifice on the alter intended to save president donald trump from the disgrace that is his historical fate.

    there is lots to say on this tedious and trivial assault on steele, but today the serpentous russian richboy and putin favorite, oleg deripaksa, is brought to the public witness stand to insure folks really, really understand just what a sneaky, underhanded lowlife chris steele actually is:

    “… He also confirmed to Solomon that he was interviewed by FBI agents in September 2016 about Paul Manafort, the former Trump campaign chairman. Deripaska, who had a tumultuous business relationship with Manafort, said he told the FBI that he doubted there was any connection between the longtime GOP operative and Russia.

    “I would be very surprised that anyone from Russia would try to approach him for any reason,” Deripaska said of Manafort. “I told them straightforward that I don’t believe that he would represent any Russian interests.”

    Deripaska at the time was conducting an investigation of his own into Manafort.

    According to Ohr’s congressional testimony in August 2018, Steele told him in a meeting July 30, 2016, that Deripaska’s attorney, Paul Hauser, was investigating whether Manafort stole “a large amount of money” from a joint business venture with Deripaska in Ukraine…”

    the above from tucker carlson’s get-rich-off-republican-fanatics scheme, “the daily caller”

    the journalist cited is the honorable chuck ross, often pilloried here at emptywheel for being a dunce and a trump-protecting newsboy.

    elsewhere, some journalists claim that a deripaksa henchman visited assange in london:

    alas, poor christopher steele, journalist integrity has done you in by focusing on the little truths instead of the big one, but what’s new about that? that kind of reporting has been normalizing president trump’s ignorant, mean, foolish, and destructive behavior since 2015. “fair and balanced” is how journalists genuflect to power without appearing to do so.

      • orionATL says:

        good question, p.j., but you’re asking the wrong person.

        my comment in my text:

        “… the above from tucker carlson’s get-rich-off-republican-fanatics scheme, “the daily caller”

        the journalist cited is the honorable chuck ross, often pilloried here at emptywheel for being a dunce and a trump-protecting newsboy…”

      • Somejoe says:

        Not very

        Manafort was trying to get his secret editorial from jail published there at some point I think. Search the name of the site at trusted and reputable publishers, skim a few articles, check authors social media when evaluating credibility. And watch out for Chuck rosses.

        PS mods I’m going to ditch this name at some point as I never thought I would comment more than once

    • klynn says:

      I needed to add but time on edits had expired. Huck leads these Baltic cruise tours as religious tours. He’s done them for a few years. Wonder how much politics gets mixed in?

  9. orionATL says:

    ew includes this fascinating paragraph:

    “… Also, during this period, Petr Aven was trying to reach out to Trump’s people on direct orders from Putin.

    In December 2016, weeks after the one-on-one meeting with Putin described in Volume I, Section IV.B.1.b, supra, Petr Aven attended what he described as a separate “all-hands” oligarch meeting between Putin and Russia’s most prominent businessmen. 1167 As in Aven’s one-on-one meeting, a main topic of discussion at the oligarch meeting in December 2016 was the prospect of forthcoming U.S. economic sanctions. 1168

    After the December 2016 all-hands meeting, Aven tried to establish a connection to the Trump team. Aven instructed Richard Burt to make contact with the incoming Trump Administration…”

    obviously, this emphasizes the importance putin placed on sanctions and, by implication, on sanctions relief, the central bargain trump made with putin beginning with the june 9 meeting in trump tower.

    but of greater interest to me is that putin is said to have called an “all hands” meeting of russian oligarchs. this reinforces my prejudice that putin considers and uses these exceptionally wealthy individuals as a kind of paramilitary in his ongoing covert, non-military war with western europe and north america. this is how i believe he used aras agalarov and son re the 6/9/16 trump tower meeting and sanctions agreement. and as he may have grown accustomed to using non-russian hyperwealthy, as he did with trump, and i suspect in britain, to conduct his campaigns.

  10. mospeck says:
    Hong Kong and Moscow protesters are going MLK-style up against the cops and their batons. It reminds me of the hippies outside the DNC back in 68, up against Daley’s cops and their billy clubs, and then Walter Cronkite, Huntley and Brinkley saying ‘now back outside to the war in the streets.’
    Looks like something maybe might have rubbed off, and that we did not always suck :) Rather than our own (granted, huge) predicaments, maybe these folks should be taking center stage right now

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